|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||12,896,226|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||6,144,764|
Design, Development and Evaluation of an Application based on Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS) for Over-The-Counter (OTC) Therapy: An Educational Interventions in Community Pharmacists
|Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism|
|دوره 11، شماره 2، تیر 2023، صفحه 95-104 اصل مقاله (584.13 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.30476/jamp.2022.95843.1661|
|PARVA PAYDAR1؛ SHOLE EBRAHIMPOUR2؛ HANIEH ZEHTAB HASHEMI3؛ MEHDI MOHAMADI2؛ SOHA NAMAZI* 1، 4|
|1Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran|
|2Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Alborz, Iran|
|3Health Informatics Department, Virtual University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran|
|4Research Center for Rational Use of Drugs, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran|
|Introduction: Mobile health (mHealth) technology–based applications provide strong medical health-care support. Applications have an important impact as tools to improve the knowledge and support the health-care team practice. In this study, an over-the-counter (OTC) therapy application was developed based on Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS). CDSS is a key to improve health-related decisions and healthcare delivery. Furthermore, the quality and effectiveness of this application were evaluated among community pharmacists.|
Methods: The application was designed and developed for 10 topics of OTC therapy. After the approval of the expert panel, 40 pharmacists affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS) participated in this before and after quasi-experimental study. The related scenarios and checklists were designed for the ten topics. The participants had
to manage the scenarios first by their knowledge and then with the application. The knowledge and pharmaceutical skills in OTC therapy were evaluated based on the obtained scores and the time recorded. The quality of the application was evaluated by pharmacists using user version of mobile application rating scale (uMARS) questionnaire. To compare
before/after measurements of parametric and non-parametric data, we used the paired t-test and Wilcoxon matched-pairs test, respectively. Besides, the variables was compared using Mann-Whitney test. The statistical significance was considered at P<0.05. The analyses were performed using the statistical software Stata (ver. 13).
Results: All scores after using the application increased, and the P-value w as n ot s ignificant. Also, the recorded time was increased after the use of the application, and the P-value was not significant. The minimum mean scores of the six uMARS questionnaire sections were 3. It means that acceptable scores were obtained in all sections of the questionnaire. The “App quality score” section of the application was reported 3.45±0.94. No relationship was found between gender and the median score of each section of the uMARS questionnaire.
Conclusion: The OTC therapy application developed in this study will help Persian-speaking pharmacists to increase their knowledge and pharmaceutical skills.
|Pharmacist؛ Mobile Application؛ Mobile Health؛ Clinical Decision Supports؛ Non-prescription Drug|
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