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Mentoring as an Appropriate Strategy for Medical Faculty Member Development in Higher Education: A Systematic Review
|Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism|
|دوره 11، شماره 1، فروردین 2023، صفحه 3-14 اصل مقاله (1.08 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Review article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.30476/jamp.2022.97103.1740|
|MASOUD ABDOLLAHI 1؛ FATEMEH HESHMATI NABAVI 2|
|1Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran|
|2Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran|
|Introduction: Human resources development, especially faculty members who play a substantial role in education, is|
of great importance and can lead to enhanced competence and participation of employees in university affairs. Mentoring is one of the programs that have attracted the attention of activists in this field today. This review aims to integrate the evidence about the goals, methods, implementation steps, and consequences of the mentoring methods for faculty member development in higher education institutions.
Methods: We used a systematic review in this study. Keywords related to the mentoring program were searched in gateways and databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and ERIC from 2000 to 2021. In the initial search, 638 articles were found, and 16 studies were reviewed after excluding those unrelated to the research objective.
Results: The results showed that the mentoring program included three stages: “Targeting and Familiarization with the
Implementation of the Mentoring Program”, “Mentoring Program Implementation”, and “Evaluation of the Mentoring Program”. The implementation approaches included Traditional One-toone Mentoring Program, Peer Mentoring Program, and Distance Education Mentoring Program.
Conclusion: This study identified the stages and types of mentoring programs and revealed that their employment, especially the distance education mentoring program, led to the advancement of faculty members in various fields. A mixed-method approach to program evaluation can provide more appropriate views of the effects of these programs.
|Mentorship؛ Mentor؛ Medical faculty member؛ Higher education|
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