|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||12,902,537|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||6,147,513|
Evaluation of mRNA Expressions of TOX and NR4As in CD8+ T cells in Acute Leukemia
|Iranian Journal of Immunology|
|مقالات آماده انتشار، پذیرفته شده، انتشار آنلاین از تاریخ 23 آبان 1402 اصل مقاله (652.41 K)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Article|
|شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): 10.22034/iji.2023.97902.2537|
|Maryam Mohammadi1؛ Hossein Asgarian-Omran1، 2؛ Behnam Najafi1؛ Ahmad Najafi1؛ Reza Valadan3؛ Hossein Karami4؛ Mohammad Naderisoraki4؛ Maryam Alizadeforutan2، 5؛ Ramin Shekarriz2، 5؛ Mohsen Tehrani* 1، 2|
|1Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.|
|2Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.|
|3Molecular and Cell-Biology Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.|
|4Thalassemia Research Center (TRC), Hemoglobinopathy Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran.|
|5Department of Hematology and Oncology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.|
|Background: Thymocyte selection-associated high mobility group box protein (TOX) and members of the nuclear receptor 4A (NR4A) are known as transcription factors involved in T cell exhaustion.|
Objective: To evaluate the mRNA expression of TOX and NR4A1-3 in CD8+ T cells in acute leukemia.
Methods: Blood samples were obtained from 21 ALL and 6 AML patients as well as 20 control subjects. CD8+ T cells were isolated using MACS. Relative gene expression of TOX and NR4A1-3 was then evaluated using qRT-PCR.
Results: Comparison of mRNA expression of TOX in CD8+ T cells showed no significant difference among the study groups (p>0.05), while the expression of NR4A1 was significantly lower in AML patients than in the control group (p=0.0006). Also, the expression of NR4A2 and NR4A3 was significantly lower in both ALL (p=0.0049 and p=0.0005, respectively) and AML (p=0.0019 and p=0.0055, respectively) patients.
Conclusion: NR4As expressions were found to be lower in CD8+ T cells from patients with AML and ALL compared to controls, whereas the mRNA expression of TOX showed no significant difference. Although TOX and NR4As are associated with CD8+ T cell exhaustion in solid tumors, they might play different roles in acute leukemia, which requires further investigation.
|Leukemia؛ NR4A؛ T cell Exhaustion؛ TOX|
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