|تعداد مشاهده مقاله||12,896,328|
|تعداد دریافت فایل اصل مقاله||6,144,879|
The Analysis of Demographic Changes caused by Epidemics and Actions of the Rulers in Hamedan during the Qajar Era
|Journal of Research on History of Medicine|
|دوره 12، شماره 3، آبان 2023، صفحه 173-192 اصل مقاله (1.7 M)|
|نوع مقاله: Original Article|
|Sarah Shohani1؛ Seyed Mohammad Sheikhahmadi* 2؛ Kaivan Shafei2؛ Ruhollah Bahrami3|
|1Ph.D. student of History, Department of History, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran|
|2Assistant Professor, Department of History, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran|
|3Associate Professor, Department of History, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran|
|Worldwide, infectious diseases have been one of the main factors of premature deaths for a long time. Due to the lack of proper social and cultural conditions, Iran suffered a lack of hygiene, particularly in provinces, until the end of the Qajar era. As Hamedan was located on the east-west transporting routes, it was exposed to infectious diseases mainly because of the presence of foreign and domestic merchants as well as traders and pilgrimage caravans. This study is to investigate the outbreak of infectious diseases in Hamedan during the Qajar period and their consequences on demographic transformations and the mortality rate. Regarding methodology, a historical, descriptive-analytic method has been used in the current study, and the data has been gathered using the documentary method. The documents and studies show that infectious diseases caused a population decrease in Hamedan province in the Qajar period. It is worth mentioning that the pandemics of infectious diseases, particularly Cholera and Plague, occurred in Hamedan during this period, one of the primary reasons for the population decrease in this province. Findings show that public ignorance, lack of proper hygiene, primitive, inappropriate routes, as well as poor performance of local and central rulers, primarily affected the increase of mortality and decrease of the population rate.|
تازه های تحقیق
|Hamedan؛ Qajar؛ Population decline؛ Communicable diseases؛ History of medicine؛ Iran|
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